Katharine Graham (1917-2001)
As head of The Washington Post, Katharine Graham was one of the most powerful women in America. Graham's husband was the publisher of The Washington Post, and after his death in 1963, Graham became its president. Between 1969 and 1979 she was also publisher of the newspaper. Under Graham's leadership, The Washington Post became famous for its coverage of the Vietnam War and the Nixon presidency, first by publishing the "Pentagon Papers," top secret documents addressing the Vietnam War, and second by publishing Woodward and Bernstein's investigation of the Watergate scandal. Graham and The Washington Post are sometimes credited with bringing down the Nixon presidency. From 1973 to 1991, Graham served as CEO and board chairperson of the Washington Post Company, a major corporate conglomerate that owns companies like Newsweek, The Gazette Newspaper, television stations in several major cities, and Kaplan, Inc. She remained the chair of the Executive Committee until her death in 2001.
- Article is excerpted from the NWHM Summer 2006 Newsletter
- PHOTO: Presidential Medal of Freedom