jamestown heading

I. Native Women

II. First Women

III. More Women

IV. Cash Crop

V. Women's Lives

VI. Indentured Servant

VII. Wives

VIII. Living Condition

IX. Family Work

X. Women's Work

XI. Fate of Jamestown


XII. Additional Resources & Sources

Web sites:

America’s 400th Anniversary
Official website of Jamestown 400th anniversary celebration events and activities

Historic Jamestowne
Archaeological dig at the site of the original Jamestown settlement

Jamestown - Journey of Democracy
Official educational resource for the 400th anniversary of Jamestown

Jamestown Settlement
Living history museum telling the story of the founding of Jamestown

Virtual Jamestown
Digital archive exploring the legacy of the Jamestown settlement


Barbour, Philip L. Pocahontas and Her World. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1970.

Brown, Kathleen M. Good Wives. Nasty Wenches, and Anxious Patriarchs: Gender, Race, and Power in Colonial Virginia. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press for the Institute of Early American History and Culture, 1996.

Bruse, Philip. Social Life of Virginia in the 17th Century. New York: F. Ungar Publishing, 1964.

Craven, Wesley Frank. The Southern Colonies in the Seventeenth Century, 1607-1689. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1949.

Horn, James. A Land as God Made It: Jamestown and the Birth of America. New York: Basic Books, 2005.

Jester, Annie. Domestic Life in Virginia in the 17th Century. Williamsburg, Virginia: Virginia's 350th Anniversary Celebration Corp, 1957.

Lebsock, Suzanne. A Share of Honour: Virginia Women 1600-1945. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1987.

Wertheimer, Barbara Mayer. We Were There: The Story of Working Women in America. New York: Pantheon Books, 1977.

Woloch, Nancy. Women and the American Experience: A Concise History. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996.



  1. Virginia Bernhard, “Men, Women, and Children’ at Jamestown: Population and Gender in Early Virginia, 1607-1610,” The Journal of Southern History 58, no. 4 (1992): 617.

  2. “John Rolfe (1585-1622),” http://www.virtualjamestown.org/jrolfe.html. Accessed on March 9, 2007.

  3. Bernhard, “Men, Women, and Children,” 617.

  4. Philip L. Barbour, The Three Worlds of Captain John Smith (London: Macmillan, 1964), 295.

  5. Bernhard, “Men, Women, and Children,” 599.

  6. Indenture Contract of William Buckland, Virtual Jamestown, Virginia Center for Digital History, University of Virginia. http://www.virtualjamestown.org/wbind1.html. Accessed on March 9, 2007.

  7. Registers of Servants Sent to Foreign Plantations, Virtual Jamestown, Virginia Center for Digital History, University of Virginia. http://www.virtualjamestown.org/indentures/search_indentures.html. Accessed on March 9, 2007.

  8. Doris Weatherford, Milestones: A Chronology of American Women’s History (New York: Facts on File, 1997), 12.

  9. Edward W. Neill, History of the Virginia Company of London: With Letters to and From the First Colony Never Before Printed (New York: B. Franklin, 1968) 234.

  10. Neill, Virginia Company of London, 234.

  11. Neill, Virginia Company of London, 262.

  12. As Quoted in David R. Ransome, “Wives for Virginia, 1621,” The William and Mary Quarterly 48, no. 1 (1991), 10.

  13. Neill, Virginia Company of London, 235..

  14. Neill, Virginia Company of London, 247.

  15. Julia Cherry Spruill, Women’s Life and Work in the Southern Colonies (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1972), 20.

  16. Elizabeth H. Pleck and Ellen K. Rotham, The Legacies Book (Washington: The Annenberg/CPB Project, 1993), 12.

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