Rights for Women: The Suffrage Movement and Its Leaders

Susan Brownell Anthony (1820-1906)

Susan Brownell Anthony, champion of temperance, abolition and African American rights, the rights of labor, and equal pay for equal work, devoted her life to organizing and leading the woman suffrage movement. A skilled political strategist, she was the General of the suffrage troops. Her strengths were discipline, energy, and organization and, after meeting Stanton in 1850, their partnership dominated the movement for over 50 years.

She was a member of the Equal Rights Association, and then founded the National Woman Suffrage Association, the radical wing of suffrage, pushing for a constitutional amendment to enfranchise women. She and Stanton opposed the 14th and 15 amendments for not enfranchising women. She published The Revolution, a radical paper, edited by Stanton (1868-1870), and lectured for over 6 years to pay off its debt. She organized the Council of 1888 helping lay the groundwork for the re-unification of the suffrage associations in 1890 and led the unified National American Woman Suffrage Association until 1900. Anthony was arrested for voting in 1872 and was tried and convicted. She led a woman's protest at the 1876 Centennial delivering a Declaration of Rights written by Stanton and Gage. She wrote and published, with Stanton and Gage, the History of Woman Suffrage.

Anthony's Quaker heritage considered women equal and she spent her life seeking to establish equality in the larger world. She gathered signatures on suffrage petitions at the state and national levels and undertook arduous state tours to organize suffrage campaigns in the states and nationally. Called "The Napoleon of the women's rights movement," she lobbied yearly before Congress. Anthony was active in international suffrage circles, and personally raised money to insure admission of women to the University of Rochester.

Anthony
Susan Brownell Anthony, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division (LC-DIG-ggbain-30126)

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