Post Script

The fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 heralded the end of the Cold War. As a new millennium unfolded, different challenges surfaced, with international terrorism at the forefront. On all levels, women serving in America’s Intelligence Community are making critical contributions, combating these latest threats to global peace, security, and freedom. 

Jeanne Vertefeuille

  • CIA employee assigned to Directorate of Operations (DO)—clandestine arm of the CIA, responsible for collecting foreign intelligence and overseeing covert and counterintelligence operations.
  • Conducted a clandestine search for a suspected CIA mole—a spy who works for an enemy nation within her or his own government. 
  • Played an important role in the counterintelligence mission that exposed Aldrich Ames, a CIA colleague who had been recruited as a spy for the Soviet Union.
  • Vertefeuille’s team gathered creditable information affirming Ames’s and his wife, Rosario’s, treason by wiretapping his phone, bugging his house, and keeping him under constant surveillance.
  • Information generated from these activities led to Ames’s arrest by the FBI.
  • Confronted with evidence obtained by Vertefeuille’s team, Ames confessed, but not before attempting to frame Vertefeuille.
  • Recalled Vertefeuille after Ames’s arrest: “I knew he was uncomfortable when I took my seat opposite him at the table…. Rick looked straight at me across the table and said, ‘I gave them your name, Jeanne, as a believable mole.”
aldrich ames mug shot
Aldrich Ames on the
day of his arrest.

Photo Credit: Crime Library
map of iraq
Satellite view of Iraq published by the NIMA
Photo Credit: NIMA

Nancy Bone

  • Former director National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA), a component of the Department of Defense that utilizes sophisticated imagery and mapping capabilities to produce specialized graphics and charts.
  • Supervised an office responsible for finished intelligence that relied on imagery interpretation—information extracted from computerized databases and political and military analyses.
  • Such early 1990s satellite imagery revealed: 
    • Mass graves and bombed-out villages caused by ethnic cleansing in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    • Evidence showing Saddam Hussein’s forces had built dams that negatively impacted wetlands near the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers; the damaged area was a known refuge for insurgents opposing Saddam.
    • Proof that the Lop Nor facility was a Chinese nuclear test site.

Maureen Baginski (1955- )

  • Director of NSA’s Signals Intelligence branch during September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.
  • While the attacks unfolded and in the days that followed, worked with the Executive Branch and the Intelligence Community to produce finished reports for government and military officials.
Maureen Baginski
Maureen Baginski
Photo Credit: NSA



This exhibit is the result of a collaborative effort by NWHM staff interns Amy Downs and Amy Grenier, and NWHM staff member Holly Kearl and Linda McCarthy, the founding curator of the CIA Museum, who also curated a temporary live exhibit for NWHM on women spies in 2002. 







Copyright © 2007 National Women's History Museum.